Treat these warm weather shrubs well, and you can enjoy nonstop blooms from spring through fall. Follow these steps to grow healthy hibiscus plants.
Choose the Ideal Planting Location
Hibiscus also does very well in containers — a good solution when you wish to enjoy the plants in areas where ground planting isn't possible, such as around swimming pools and on decks. Tropical hibiscus requires temperatures above 45 degrees Fahrenheit. So, container growing indoors in the winter is also an option.1
Prepare the Soil
For optimal growth, hibiscus requires rich soil. Enrich the soil prior to planting by amending with homemade or bagged compost and earthworm castings. A 2009 study by the American Society for Horticultural Science found that hibiscus grown with worm compost grew bigger and had better blooms.2Further increase soil fertility and encourage profuse hibiscus blooms by adding Lilly Miller® Lawn & Garden All Purpose Plant Food 16-16-16 to the planting area, according to package directions.
Hibiscus grows best in slightly acidic soil that has a pH between 6.5 and 6.8. Prior to planting, determine your soil's pH by testing it. If necessary, apply amendments to alter pH. Increase pH by using Pennington® Fast Acting Lime, and decrease pH by applying soil sulfur. Wait two weeks and retest the planting area to ensure that the pH levels are ideal for growing hibiscus.
For container-grown hibiscus, use potting soil that drains well and that's designed for acidic plants.
Dig a hole in the amended planting site that is as deep as the hibiscus root ball, and two to three times as wide. Carefully remove the hibiscus from its nursery container and put the bush in the planting hole. Backfill the planting hole halfway with the soil dug from the hole, and then water well to settle the plant and eliminate any air pockets. Finish filling the hole and pat down the soil around the plant. Add a one-inch layer of earthworm castings around the base of the plant, and then water again until the soil and earthworm castings are well moistened.
If you are planting more than one hibiscus, space them 3 to 6 feet apart.3
Prune to Promote Blooming
Watch for Pests and Diseases
Check the hibiscus plant periodically for signs of pests and pest damage. Treat minor infestations by removing the pests with a strong spray of water. For recurring or more severe infestations, apply Worry Free® Brand Insecticide and Miticide Ready To Use Dust.
Hibiscus are also susceptible to the leaf diseases, including gray mold (botrytis) and downy and powdery mildew.4 Such disorders cause white, gray or yellow splotches on leaves, and can lead to moldy buds that fall off before blooming. If symptoms appear, treat the plant with an appropriate fungicide.
Total Time to Plant and Grow Hibiscus: 3-6 hours, depending on the number of plants.
Select and prepare a planting site: 3-5 hours
Plant: 1-3 hours
Maintain: 1 hour weekly
Effort rating on a scale of 1 to 4: 2 - Easy Does It
Always read the product label and follow the instructions carefully.
Lilly Miller, Worry Free and Alaska are registered trademarks of Central Garden & Pet Company. Pennington is a registered trademark of Pennington Seed, Inc.
1. "Tropical Hibiscus," Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, July 2000.
2. "Vermicompost from pig manure grows healthy hibiscus," American Society for Horticultural Science, December 17, 2009.
3. "Hibiscus," National Gardening Association.
4. Don C. Wilkerson, et. al., "Tropical Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)," AgriLife Extension Texas A&M System.